Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from context or markup.
G18 Ensuring that a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:...
The objective of this technique is to make sure that users can read text that is presented over a background. For Success Criterion 1.4.3, this technique describes the minimum contrast ratio for text that is less than 18 point (if not bold) and less than 14 point (if bold). For Success Criterion 1.4.5, this technique relaxes the 7:1 contrast ratio requirement for text that is at least 18 point (if not bold) or at least 14 point (if bold).
If the background is a solid color (or all black or all white) then the relative luminance of the text can be maintained by making sure that each of the text letters have 4.5:1 contrast ratio with the background.
If the background or the letters vary in relative luminance (or are patterned) then the background around the letters can be chosen or shaded so that the letters maintain a 4.5:1 contrast ratio with the background behind them even if they do not have that contrast ratio with the entire background.
The contrast ratio can sometimes be maintained by changing the relative luminance of the letters as the relative luminance of the background changes across the page.
Another method is to provide a halo around the text that provides the necessary contrast ratio if the background image or color would not normally be sufficiently different in relative luminance.
H64 Using the title attribute of the frame and ifra...
The objective of this technique is to demonstrate the use of the title attribute of the frame or iframe element to describe the contents of each frame. This provides a label for the frame so users can determine which frame to enter and explore in detail. It does not label the individual page (frame) or inline frame (iframe) in the frameset.
Note that the title attribute labels frames, and is different from the title element which labels documents. Both should be provided, since the first facilitates navigation among frames and the second clarifies the user's current location.
The title attribute is not interchangeable with the name attribute. The title labels the frame for users; the name labels it for scripting and window targeting. The name is not presented to the user, only the title is.
When a web page requires that an applet, plug-in or other application be present on the client system to interpret page content, the page must provide a link to a plug-in or applet that complies with §1194.21(a) through (l).
6.3.8a All pages that have links to files that require...
This checkpoint may require customization.
Text indicating where to download required special reader for PDF files is not present.
Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.
H73a Use the summary attribute of the table element ...
The objective of this technique is to provide a brief overview of how data has been organized into a table or a brief explanation of how to navigate the table. The summary attribute of the table element makes this information available to people who use screen readers; the information is not displayed visually.
H43 Use id and headers attributes to associate data...
The objective of this technique is to associate each data cell (in a data table) with
the appropriate headers. This technique adds a headers attribute to each
data cell (td element). It also adds an id attribute to any
cell used as a header for other cells. The headers attribute of a cell
contains a list of the id attributes of the associated header cells. If
there is more than one id, they are separated by spaces.
Table uses markup to associate data and header cells, but has no summary.